TWO SUMMERS AGO, at Seattle's Center on Contemporary Art, an African-American drag queen from Los Angeles named Vaginal Creme Davis gave a performance on a familiar theme: You're all a bunch of Nazis up here in
the Pacific Northwest. She wore camouflage fatigues.
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I'd heard all this before, about how white the Northwest is, but I never took it seriously. Then I saw that the neo-Nazis and white supremacists of Idaho's Aryan Nations had gotten a permit to march in downtown Coeur d'Alene and I wondered: How true are these stories of an Aryan homeland in Northern Idaho?
That homeland is not as remote from Seattle as it seems on TV. The Reverend Richard Butler's Aryan Nations compound in Hayden Lake is only 15 minutes from downtown Coeur d'Alene, 30 minutes from Spokane, and six hours from Seattle. Ruby Ridge, where Randy Weaver held off federal agents, and Sandpoint, the new home of ex-Los Angeles detective Mark Fuhrman, are just as close.
In past years, Butler's followers figured in many of the West's most sensational terrorist episodes: the order's swath of murder and robbery in the early 1980s; the attempted 1990 bombing of Seattle's Neighbours disco; a cluster of pipe bombings in Coeur d'Alene; the recent anthrax scare in Las Vegas. The night before I left for Idaho, Seattle television reported that neo-Nazis had stolen a large quantity of explosives and might be plotting to bomb downtown Coeur d'Alene (and then retracted the story).
COEUR D'ALENE seems to be fighting to uphold an earlier small-town America. People leave their bicycles unlocked on Sherman Avenue. They tell racial jokes but insist they are not prejudiced. The police don't like outsiders. At the same time, in response to the Aryan march, the locals gave thousands of dollars to the Kootenai County Task Force on Human Relations. Downtown businesses closed, and free bowling and movie passes were distributed to lure folks away from the march route along Sherman Avenue. A few signs urged the media to go home. Coeur d'Alene didn't want the world watching when the Aryans marched.
The night before the parade I got to talking with a waitress at a Sherman Avenue restaurant. She was about my age, in her midthirties, and had kids. She grew up in Coeur d'Alene but also had lived in Portland. "I have known Richard Butler and his followers my whole life," she said. "Some of his followers are assholes, but he is a polite old man. I don't think he is the devil they make him out to be.
"I don't consider myself a racist. But I'm glad they're here, because they keep the blacks out of Coeur d'Alene.... For every person marching in the parade many more people are silent supporters."
SATURDAY MORNING, July 18, dawns clear and bright. I head toward the parade route, but after one block four police officers stop me, search me, spread my equipment all over the sidewalk, and run my ID for warrants. They don't like the way I look, but they have to let me go. Walking the remaining six blocks to the staging area, I'm questioned by the police three more times. They stop almost everyone in sight, and arrest 23 for refusing to be searched and other reasons. "Does your mother know you dress like this?" a cop ask one young detainee.
At about 9 the Aryan caravan, led by the 80-year-old Richard Butler riding in a Jeep, pulls up across from the staging area. The police have everything roped off. The majority of protesters have not yet arrived, so I follow the marchers into the staging area. I have about six minutes to take photos and ask questions before the police throw me out; the press isn't allowed to talk to the Nazis. But I learn that some of the marchers are skinheads from Seattle who seem to be more interested in taunting the system than in political messages. With their tattoos and chain wallets, they look like many other punk kids.
The marchers come in many other varieties, all white: men in their forties wearing Klan robes, loner types in military garb and unkempt beards, ordinary-looking grandparents. The most frightening are well-groomed fashion-model types who could pass in any young, sophisticated crowd. They're the ones who don't want to be photographed; they move away from me.
OUTSIDE THE STAGING AREA, an African-American man arrives holding a sign that reads, "Wanted! A pot of golden people at the end of a rainbow." He is immediately surrounded by reporters who want to know how he feels. He says he's an engineer and has lived in Northern Idaho for about five months. Two women with him laugh and say he is very popular with the ladies around here.
Thirty Idaho state police march up to the staging area in lockstep. At first I think they're more Nazis; with their navy blue uniforms, helmets, boots, and nightsticks they look straight out of an old war movie. It is almost 10, and very hot, by the time the busloads of protesters show up. The police keep them on the other side of the street. (The Seattle Times later reports that about 300 came; the Seattle Gay News says 700 were present.) Some are from Seattle's United Front Against Fascism and Freedom Socialist Party, and the Midwest Network to Stop the Klan. The most controversial is the Jewish Defense League's Irv Rubin, who tells the weekly Inlander, "The only thing you can do to Nazis is smash them."
THE PARADE STARTS AT 10 and takes about 30 minutes, 10 blocks down the route and back to the staging area. Several onlookers say hello to marchers they know. Three give them the Hitler salute, and many more give them the bird. The Aryans don't carry signs but lots of flags, many of them Swedish or Norwegian. I'm puzzled at these, but it's impossible to hear what Butler is saying and after a while he seems to realize this and quits speaking altogether.
After the marchers make it back to the staging area a sense of relief sweeps the crowd. Two little girls are yelling "White power!" to their mom, who is one of the Aryans. The woman standing next to the girls and their baby-sitter flips the bird and yells to one marcher, "You are an asshole, and I will never sleep with you!" Some of the Aryans have trouble starting their car. The woman yells, "Get a job, you losers!" and mutters, "They can't even afford a decent car. Disgusting losers!"
As the Aryan caravan pulls out, five young skinheads break away and run for their car, parked across the street and up the hill. A few protesters take off after them, and everyone else starts up the hill to see what's happened. When I reach the scene the Aryans have gone and 200 or so protesters are standing around the storm-trooper police, who assume a riot stance and announce over a bullhorn that if we don't disperse within two minutes we will be arrested. At the last minute the officers go back to their staging area. leaving no excuse to riot. The crowd mills around for a few minutes. A kid on a bicycle carrying a pro-marijuana sign suggests, "If we gave them pot, maybe they'd stop being Nazis." Everyone laughs. The tension is broken, and it's time to go home. *
THE PARADE wasn't just for Idahoans. Above, two Seattleites who crossed the Cascades to march down Sherman Avenue; the guy with the shield is a self-described Nazi. Despite urgings to ignore the event, hundreds of protesters also turned out. Some were arrested or hassled by the security-conscious cops who targeted anyone who stood out. "Does your mother know you dress like this?" one cop asked a detainee.
ORIGINALLY slated to coincide with Adolf Hitler's birthday in April, the Aryan Nations march in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, was delayed until July 18, when followers of the Rev. Richard Butler and assorted skinheads, Klansmen, and hangers-on paraded down the city's main drag (below). They flew an assortment of banners, including Nazi, Confederate, and various national flags representing "Aryan" nations such as Norway. Protesters (left) and participants (right) also brought their own "salutes."
ABOVE, MEMBERS of Butler's personal Aryan Nations bodyguard prepare for the parade in the off-limits staging area. They escorted Butler (right) who rode in a wide-open Jeep and later spoke to the crowd. White supremacists representing various groups showed their support for "white power," including a clutch of Ku Klux Klansmen from Texas (left).